The project was implemented in Korogocho and Viwandani informal settlements in Nairobi. The ARISE project aims to catalyse a step change for health and well being, including talking to community members to try and understand what challenges they face in their day-to-day lives. This video looks at water, sanitation and hygiene in Kenya’s informal settlements.
Lessons on community participation in research on intimate partner violence and HIV in an informal settlement in Kenya from ARISE PhD student Beate Ringwald. Read more ALIV[H]E Framework https://salamandertrust.net/resources/alivhe-framework/ “ALIV[H]E in Action” – case studies from the MENA Region, Botswana and India https://salamandertrust.net/news/alivhe-in-action-case-studies-booklet-out/
The James P Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University hosted a webinar on 14 May 2020 – The Impact of COVID-19 on Urban Informal settlements. They were joined by speakers from Sierra Leone, Kenya and India to explain some of the challenges that are being faced in relation to the pandemic and how they are […]
With Tom Wingfield of Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine we have put together a series of videos to explain more about COVID-19. The first of these provides an overview (approximately 22 minutes long) and the others are shorter and focus on particular topics. Since creating the videos we have sought advice on two additional issues: […]
From the 28-30 January 2020 a meeting was held between SPARC/SDI, the George Institute for Global Health, India and the Dalit Bahujan Resource Centre. It was a pilot training to test out some of the Participatory Action Research tools we will use in ARISE. The Dalit Bahujan Resource Centre (DBRC) is based in Guntur, Andhra […]
This short documentary provides an insight into life in Dhaka. It was produced by our members BRAC JPG School of Public Health in Dhaka. The film highlights issues such as environmental pollution, housing, sanitation and poor access to health services that can limit residents ability to remain healthy. It also outlines some of the positive […]
Work to ensure research rigour, trustworthiness and validity of research in partnership with community researchers and community members
Involving community researchers and the broader community in the development and validation of priorities, study tools, data collection processes, data analysis, interpretation and action planning to ascertain the language used, content, context etc. Important to add quality to the CBPR process. Consistently engaging the community in monitoring the progress of community activities planned and gaining their reflexive accounts of the actions and observations will ensure rigor and validity within the research process.
Competencies and/or conditions
Ability to assess and develop contextualised code of research ethics including safeguarding.
Capacity to undertake validation exercises with stakeholders and the wider community to ensure the study is relevant, accepted and supported. Validation exercises should use effective and culturally relevant communication mechanisms that consider the audience.
Ongoing learning, quality assessment and safeguarding assessments.
Capacity to contextualise research materials that value local ways of knowing and knowledge production.
Know how to engage in and apply reflexivity, considering positionality to research findings to strengthen rigor and trustworthiness.
Ability to triangulate different sources of information in order to determine research priorities, approach and actions.
Production of scientifically sound research findings.
Identification of generalisable research processes that can enhance CBPR techniques.
Community based research that is robust and adds value to communities, policies and practices.
For community members, learning research skills, gaining access to resources, and finding ways to legitimate their knowledge is often limited by a history of exclusionary research practices that have traditionally conducted studies on rather than with the community.
After the research partnership has undertaken a process of prioritisation, and before conceptualizing the research, discuss with the broader community to validate the priorities and incorporate additional context to increase validity and trustworthiness to the process
Design research analysis and interpretation procedures that involve community researchers and associated stakeholders
Having an outsider, such as a partnership stakeholder or subcommittee engaged in data gathering and interpreting can be useful in helping increase the rigor and real and perceived validity of the research
Conduct data interpretation sessions to discuss interpretations, add context to information collected, and facilitate a better understanding of project documentation
Triangulation of data sources and participant checking can add quality
Undertake co-analysis activities with co-researchers and stakeholders
Increase reliability of the study by developing and using a case study protocol and a chain of evidence
Design survey and interview questions that are culturally aligned enhancing the ﬁt of the research with the implementing context(s)
Ensure a balance between adhering to quality and safeguarding (19) standards of research excellence while engaging in the complex and politicized contexts surrounding work with marginalized communities.
Engagement of coresearchers and community people during the research tool preparation can help to cover all the essential aspects of the research including safeguarding risks.
Utilise quality criteria to evaluate the CBPR process – see Springett, Atkey (20) and Sandoval, Lucero (21)