Principle 9:

Principle 9:

Disseminate findings and knowledge gained from the project to and by all partners

As described by the Institute of Medicine, “an ecological approach assumes that health and well-being are affected by interaction among multiple determinants including biology, behaviour, and the environment.” This principle stresses the importance of considering health issues and the local context in which they occur, with data that is relevant, timely, and inclusive. It emphasizes an approach to health that extends beyond the individual, to the immediate and larger contexts in which families live, work, and play. In CBPR partnerships, the multiple determinants of health, such as social, economic, and physical environmental factors are examined through an interdisciplinary lens, and their interactions stressed(1). 

Competencies and/or conditions

  • Ability to recognise stakeholders (audiences) that need to receive the information and package dissemination products suitable to the different audiences.
  • Ability to interpret and disseminate findings that are understandable, respectful, and where ownership of knowledge is recognized.
  • Ability to develop sustainable education materials outlining the key changes brought about through the CBPR process, ensuring they have been obtained from reliable sources and distributed at the relevant level.
  • Be able to engage independently in networking and sharing findings.
  • Ability to adapt findings based on validation processes or suggestions from stakeholders where understandings may be mis-represented in initial research data. Particularly where individuals who have contributed to the research process feel their views and ideas are mis-represented or ignored.
  • Capacity to purposefully develop and share new knowledge, products, and resources that can inform policy and practice.
    • Ivolving public interests and values in the decision-making process and educating community residents.
    • Changes from the CBPR process are embedded in networks and policy/practice for sustainability after the project ends.
    • Shared power through joint development of publications and presentations can lead to new opportunities for the core research team.
    • Consult with all research partners and participants prior to submission of any materials for outputs (blogs, publications, videos, guides etc.)acknowledging the contributions of participants. Adapt outputs to reflect the views and ideas of all members of the research partnership and broader actors who the identified issues impact
    • Participation of community researchers in national, sub-national and local forum
    • Create a mechanism to actively disseminate partnership news through radio shows, newsletters and other means of communication
    • Develop a stakeholders communication mapping/matrix to inform the dissemination plan
    • Develop a train-the-trainers program to strengthen the capacity of community partners and other community leaders to train others in policy advocacy and in promoting practice change
    • Facilitate the research partnership to organise and hold a discussions with decision makers about issues on which they are working in their communities
    • Support the use of innovative participatory methodologies to disseminate and validate research findings that draw on local community assets. E.g. use of drama, art, storytelling etc. Adapt findings based on feedback from broader community during these activities
    • Development of a clear dissemination plan at the project inception that is reviewed regularly and has inputs from all members of the research partnership
    • Evidence of disseminated information about the project outcomes locally, nationally and internationally through appropriate communication channels
    • Evidence of active dissemination through radio shows, newsletters and other means of communication
    • Number of community researchers or community members in community
      health boards or forums who did not participate in these forums previously
    • Education materials shared and embedded in policy, practice or services
    • Evidence of adaptations made to findings or actions based on dissemination and validation
      processes and stakeholder feedback
    • Dissemination plan produced and re-visited regularly
    • Engagement of local actors or health systems in dissemination efforts building on local assets and capacities
    • Outcome evaluations with  questions related to the program’s effect on participants’ knowledge, perceived self-efficacy and collective efficacy, behavioural intentions, and behaviours related to policy advocacy and practice change. Capturing the extent to which knowledge and skills gained by participants were applied to policy change efforts and have influenced change in practice
    • Perceived self-efficacy and collective efficacy assessment using a 5-point Likert scale 
    • Policy change assessments (including questions on whether co-researchers had worked towards policy change in the last six months, and if so, the types of policy advocacy activities they had done (e.g., attended a hearing, participated on a policymaking board, written letters)
    • Dissemination plans – version  controlled 
    • Media outputs
    • Education materials
    • Dissemination materials
    • Co-authorship of outputs with community researchers 
    • Recordings or notes from conversations with decision makers
    • Notes from health forums where research partnership members have presented ideas

*Please note that some statements are adaptations or direct quotes from the papers listed in the reference section