An ecological approach accepts that health and well-being are affected by interpersonal dynamics, societal structures, biology, behaviour and the environment (17, 18). This principle stresses the importance of considering health issues and the local context in which they occur in a holistic manner, with data that is relevant, timely, and inclusive. It emphasises an approach to health that extends beyond the individual, to the immediate and larger contexts in which families live, work, and play (1, 17). In CBPR partnerships, the multiple determinants of health, such as social, economic, and physical environmental factors are examined through an interdisciplinary lens, and their interactions stressed (1).
● Critical understanding of current local public health issues and theories on the determinants of health
● Understanding of broader social, environmental, and economic issues and ‘education for political literacy and informed citizenship’ (19)
*Please note that some statements are adaptations or direct quotes from the papers listed in the reference section