CBPR brings together academic researchers and implementing organisations (who often have more privileged backgrounds ) and community researchers who are more likely to come from marginalised groups related to the research area being addressed. Efforts must be made to acknowledge and reduce differences in power for more trusting, equitable partnerships. Several competencies can support efforts to acknowledge and embrace differences. These include exploring, appreciating and embracing different cultures, knowledges, abilities, races, genders and social classes. This requires critical reflexivity among researchers to recognise their own biases and limitations that inform research assumptions and approaches. CPBR actively works towards the transfer of power in the relationship and research process – e.g. by prioritising the knowledge of less powerful people in the partnership with the aim of social justice.
● Cultural competence: for example, understanding of intra-group disparities and openness to making partners more culturally sensitive and open to alternative ways of thinking and ways of doing things (4)
● Cultural humility: capacity to reﬂect on personal, locational, institutional and structural power and to redress power imbalances to develop and maintain mutually respectful and dynamic partnerships with (as a researcher) and within communities (as a community researcher) (4)
● Mindfulness of local cultures and ways of doing things (1)
● Ability to promote and practise equal opportunities for participation and leadership by all members within and outside the research partnership to redress inequity and power differentials
● Commitment to understanding the realities facing communities affected by the research area
● Demonstration of integrity and trustworthiness, emotional intelligence, compassion and humility
*Please note that some statements are adaptations or direct quotes from the papers listed in the reference section