Principle 11: 

Value academic rigour in research partnerships

Involving community researchers and the broader community in the development and validation of priorities, study tools, data collection processes, data analysis, interpretation and action planning is important to the quality of the CBPR process. Consistently engaging the community in monitoring the progress of community activities and gaining their reflexive accounts of the actions ensures rigour within the research process. 

Capacities (competencies and conditions)

        Awareness of trustworthiness criteria that draw on critical epistemologies

        Ability to assess and develop contextualised code of research ethics including safeguarding

        Capacity to undertake validation exercises with stakeholders and the wider community to ensure the study is relevant, accepted and supported

        Ongoing learning, quality assessment and safeguarding assessment

        Capacity to contextualise research materials that value local ways of knowing and knowledge production

        Knowledge on how to engage in and apply reflexivity, considering positionality with regard to research findings, to strengthen rigour and trustworthiness

        Ability to triangulate different sources of information to determine research priorities, approach and actions

  •         Rigorous research findings which draw on trustworthiness criteria

            Generalisable research processes that can enhance CBPR techniques

            Community based research that is robust and adds value to communities, policies and practices

            Community members learn research skills, gain access to resources, and find ways to legitimate their knowledge, which have previously been limited by a history of exclusionary research practices 

  •         After the research partnership has undertaken a process of prioritisation, and before conceptualising the research, validate the priorities and incorporate additional context to increase trustworthiness in the process

            Design research analysis and interpretation procedures that involve community researchers and associated stakeholders

            Have an outsider to help increase the rigour and real and perceived validity of the research

            Conduct data interpretation sessions to discuss interpretations, add context to information collected, and facilitate a better understanding of project documentation

            Triangulate data sources and add participant checking

            Undertake co-analysis activities with co-researchers and stakeholders

            Increase the reliability of the study by developing and using a case study protocol and a chain of evidence

            Design survey and interview questions that are culturally aligned enhancing the fit of the research with the implementing context

            Identify relational and situated ethical and safeguarding concepts and approaches that best fit the specific context and the process-oriented nature of CBPR (25)

            Constructive negotiation with gatekeeping bodies such as funders and research ethics committees to increase understanding of appropriate approaches

            Engage co-researchers and community members during the research tool preparation to cover all the essential aspects of the research including safeguarding risks

    Utilise quality criteria to evaluate the CBPR process – see Springett, Atkey (26) and Sandoval, Lucero (27
  •         Research process of quality, validity and rigour

            Triangulating, comparing and contrasting evidence

            Validation of analysis and findings including from diverse perspectives

            Safeguarding map/matrix and its ongoing assessment

            Evidence of multiple inputs from a variety of actors when interpreting findings

  •         Documentation on the translation and adaptation of the materials and quality assurance processes through minutes and notes on discussions and engagement within the team and with stakeholders

            Documentation of research validation processes

            Documentation of discussion during triangulation of findings

            Case studies/stories/blogs that show reflexivity processes

            Peer reviewed publications

            Audio or notes from community validation processes

            NVivo or other screenshots showing quality checking processes

            Development and use of a case study protocol and the development of a database and a chain of evidence to improve reliability of the study 

*Please note that some statements are adaptations or direct quotes from the papers listed in the reference section